Nor are the followers of Romanism without powerful auxiliaries in our own country. He is watching the crucibles and the scales, like the silversmith at his bench. Many a saint on earth is at this hour just purified, and ready to be removed to the world where God keeps all His treasures. Christ has stood so near the people, that they have wreathed the cross with their infirmities at the very hour when they crowded round it to find their salvation. Its flames are involving every portion of our being. The refiner is watching the process of purification as it goes on. This would be but a depressing side of truth, if it had to stand quite alone. Mention is made of the priests and Levites, because these were so very corrupt in the times of Christ, and as appears from the preceding chapters. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Christ’s people are precious to Him. His work is to them even more valuable. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. The very Levites, the ministers of God, then needed cleansing, so universal was the depravity. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of It is constantly observed that the followers of all great philosophers, and teachers, and thought-leaders, always complicate and deteriorate the systems. Just the Sabbath before had the earth been broken for that child’s grave. The difference between a nation defiled by error and sin, and a nation purged by truth, is just this--the one is cursed and repulsive; the other is blessed and delightsome. But He is as the refiner’s fire. I. Their hearts are brought down, they speak as out of the ground, Isaiah 29:4, in a low language, and like broken men; they put their mouths in the dust, they lie low at Christ’s feet, and say, "Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth." It is the participle used as the prophetic present. The whole scheme of the Gospel is pervaded by the idea of purity. Experience does not alter the groundwork of human nature. David failed but in a ceremony; yet God was angry. So it was with the gifts to be presented. The world is largely indebted to the Church. A religion in which one good man becomes ten good men is the only one that will offer society hope. If it were true that all life was unified, that man was either wholly of the world or wholly of God, then the criticism would be true. : sit: Ps 66:10 Pr 17:3 25:4 Isa 1:25 48:10 Jer 6:28-30 Eze 22:18-22 Da 12:10 Zec 13:9 Lk 3:16 Eph 5:26,27 Tit 2:14 Heb 12:10 1Pe 1:7 4:12,13 Rev 3:18 A promise of the coming of the Messiah, and of his forerunner; and the errand he comes upon is here particularly described, both the comfort which his coming brings to his church and people and the terror which it will bring to the wicked (v. 1-6). The process of refining is in the text made to illustrate the work of Christ upon the heart of man. “That they may offer unto God an offering of righteousness.” The great work of every man is that of a priest. Individuals may have nearly reached the ideal manhood, but their virtues have been unable to multiply themselves infinitely in the outer world. The Bible is more praised than read. Such a custom is a beautiful exemplification of the momentous truth that the object of all spiritual discipline is the restoration of the likeness of God. My messenger. When the godly are completely separated from the ungodly, the world will end. Christ is most jealous of His truth. I. Though a good aim doth not make a bad action good (as we see in Uzza), yet a bad aim makes a good action bad, as we see in Jehu. https: In most cases the furnace is gradually heated. The coming that man must endure is the coming of the Messenger of the covenant, but it is His second coming. 2. Through the clause אשׁר לבית יי the priests are described as belonging to the house of Jehovah, though not in the sense supposed by Kliefoth, namely, "because they were appointed to serve in His house along with the Levites, in the place of the first-born, who were the possession of Jehovah" (Numbers 3:41; Deuteronomy 10:8-9). If we refuse to give up our wills to God our characters will deteriorate and not be purified or beautified. Men have denied Christ in the name of Christ. III. Directly men begin to choose their discipline they become foolish and vain ascetics. And so it is always. 1. I. Malachi 3:3 "He will sit as a smelter and purifier of silver, and He will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they may present to the LORD offerings in righteousness. Now, attention is deepened. Her offspring was pure and untainted, and had no occasion to be expiated. Our Saviour constantly and anxiously keeps man to the front and at the top of all other things. (Sermons by Contrib. She brought two turtle-doves; one for a burnt offering, as an acknowledgment of what sinners deserve at the hands of the Almighty; and she acknowledged that her only hope of purification lay in her presenting a pure offering. Still He is among us as fullers’ soap, and as a refiner’s fire, to cleanse and to purify us all. God shows that He will use persecution to purify His people through the testing of their loyalty. Well, the answer that is given is this: for the purification of our nature. But in all cases tribulation works patience, and patience experience, and experience hope. "He shall purify." (David Swing.). Nothing is better to cure a leprosy than the drinking of that wine wherein a viper hath been drowned. In righteousness - , as Zacharias prophesied, “that we might serve Him in holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.”. The Lord’s temple is His true Church on earth, of which the temple at Jerusalem was only a type. II. But there is just one essential condition for the metal which is cast into the furnace: if it is to be separated from the dross a current of air must be always breathing over the living flame; if not, the effect would be this, that instead of fire separating the metal from the ore it would cause them to recombine, and under conditions of greater fixity, so that it would be more difficult than it was before to purify it. III. He can wisely adopt the means that, in His judgment, may be individually demanded in separating the gold from the dross. He shall strain them, as some liquor or liquid matter; so that the purer part shall go through the strainer or colander, and the dregs may be left, Sic Apuleius Neque illi, ait, norant colere arvum, vel colare aurum. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Beautiful figure! BibliographyClarke, Adam. Our Saviour takes great pains to impress us with the intrinsic and indestructible grandeur of man. And he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. corrupt, etc. “He sits.” A refiner of silver was asked, “Do you sit?” “Yes,” he replied, “I must keep my eye steadily fixed on the furnace, for if the silver remains too long under the intense heat it is sure to be damaged.” A beautiful illustration, completed when the silversmith added, “I only know the exact instant when the purifying process is complete, by seeing my own countenance in the silver.” Only when God sees His own image in the children is He satisfied. They tend to spread the knowledge of His benevolence in the earth. Let us now defend Christianity against some parts of its history. No saint was ever the worse for his sufferings, but the better; the least that can come of it is to do good duties with greater zeal and larger affection, Isaiah 26:9. He has not fallen into lower rank of creatureship, nor can he. The temple was the earthly picture of heaven. And just as we see that it is through suffering continually that men are first of all turned to God in initial conversion, so it is in life. et talm. 1. The beautiful Bible words have become hardened coins of traditional usage. 1. He shall purify o the sons of Levi - These had been first the leaders in degeneracy, the corrupters of the people by their example and connivance. If God’s work be not duly done, we may meet with breaches instead of blessings, 1 Chronicles 15:17. Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. They wish to be highly influential. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Gold that is melted in the furnace is not only purified, but also made malleable; yea, fit for the mould. The men of power and influence have been annealed in a furnace of trial of some sort. Thus it is also with individual members of the Church of Christ. Justice. The dross of sin cleaves to the holiest. i. Note that other Israelitish mothers offered in acknowledgment and expiation of the sin which they had communicated to the infant newly born; but this holy mother needed not to make any such confession. 3. In the unrefined condition of society one man is preying upon another, every man seeking his own pleasure and indulging his own passions, without the slightest regard to the welfare of the community. He set His seal upon the infinite worth of man by taking his nature. 1. The purer the gold, the hotter the fire now; the whiter the garment, the harder the washing [Moore]. We often see the purification going on. 1. If we put this purging into a different metaphor, it means getting rid of the leaven (see I Corinthians 5:7); here people are being purged of sin. No one who gravely considers the characteristics of our time will deny that society stands much in need of purification. There is no such allusion here; but the meaning is simply, "as the persons in the temple, who by virtue of their mediatorial service were able to obtain an answer from Jehovah to a question addressed to Him in prayer." Great piles of iron, all ready for melting, were gathered there. The process of refining originates and is directed by Christ Himself. The following description of silver refining is given by Napier:--“When the alloy is melted upon a cuppel and the air blown upon it, the surface of the melted metals has a deep orange-colour with a kind of flickering wave constantly passing over the surface, caused by the combining of the oxygen with the impurity; and these being blown off as the process proceeds, the heal is increased, because the nearer purity the more heat is necessary to keep it in fusion; and in a little the colour of the fused metal becomes lighter, the impurities only forming reddish striae which continue to pass over the surface. But as the eye glances over many periods of the Church’s history, how painfully abundant the evidence that the gold has become dim, and the most fine gold changed. Recently a few ladies in Dublin, who are accustomed to meet and read the Scriptures, and converse upon topics suggested, were reading this third chapter of Malachi, when one of them observed, “There is something remarkable in the expression in the third verse: ‘ He shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver.” “They agreed that possibly it might be so, and one of the ladies promised to call on a silversmith, and report to them what he said on the subject. He watches them in the furnace. But why? So the Lord in the case of His elect (Job 23:10; Psalm 66:10; Proverbs 17:3; Isaiah 48:10; Hebrews 12:10; 1 Peter 1:7). It is the figure of God, manifested in Christ, and working His work of grace through Christ. He has acquired spiritual stability. The end will explain it all. Why, plainly, the setting free of my higher self from all the power of this lower self. (See Note on Malachi 1:11.). Insincerity is unrighteous. Side by side with this careless, irreverent worship we see worldliness. (J. Jackson Goadby.). We are not always willing that it should be purged away when we do see it. III. He is permanently engaged. He brought to bear upon them a searching ministry. What a different person I am when I am kneeling before God--it may be in His sanctuary--lifted up to the worship of the Eucharist, and what I am when I find myself, well, in my own home, it may be an hour afterwards. In righteousness — That they may offer themselves, their souls and bodies to God, in righteousness and true holiness. That he connects this purifying presence of our Lord with the sending of His message to prepare the way before Him. The unrefined soul is addressed in Malachi 4:2. Biblical Commentary Malachi 3:1-4 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The Hebrew word mal’ak means ” messenger”—similar to the Greek word angelos in the New Testament. Of course, the real convert in the moment of his initial conversion turns from his sin to God; but what the sin is from which he has to turn is only gradually made clear to him as he goes through life, and not until we are wholly conformed to the will of God in every detail of life and character is the work of conversion complete, because until this is so we have something from which to turn unto our God. After our purification, we are made “vessels unto honour, sanctified and meet for the Master’s use, prepared unto every good work.” There is no duty, however humble, which we are not the better fitted to discharge. "Commentary on Malachi 3:3". Yes, sin has made a great difference in his character, and in the part he has played in the world, but it has made no difference in the intrinsic majesty and grandeur of his being. The Angel of the covenant, as in leading His people out of Egypt by the pillar of cloud and fire, has an aspect of terror to His foes, of love to his friends. That still remained, though often sadly perverted and degraded, a lordship of tyranny and wrong. Jeremiah 52:6); (3) the breach made in the city walls; (4) the burning of the law by Apostemus; and (5) the setting up of the abomination, i.e., of an idol, in the temple (Daniel 11:31; Daniel 12:13). (Note: The later Jews kept the 9th Ab as the day when both the first and second temples were destroyed by fire; and in Mishna Taanit iv. To come out of the fire no better than we went into it, shows a tenacity of evil in us which may well make us alarmed. That they may offer - , literally "and they shall be unto thy Lord offers of a meal-offering in righteousness," i. e., they shall be such, and that, habitually, abidingly. The Biblical Illustrator. Then shall the offering of Judah and Jerusalem —. The offering must be presented with humility. A very beautiful phenomenon known as the fulguration of the metal, attends the removal of the impurities from the silver. The attempt to render this service was marred by our lack of holiness. (Enoch Mellor, D. D.), Christ the great disciplinarian of regenerate souls. II. Malachi 3:3. To co-operate with the refiner in His efforts to purify you. How? And he shall purify the sons of Levi; the priests, either literally understood, some of these were converted from their evil principles and practices, and became obedient to the doctrines of the Gospel, Acts 6:7 or figuratively, the apostles of Christ and ministers of the Gospel, who were made clean by him; or rather all the people of God, who are made priests as well as kings, and are a royal priesthood, and are purified by Christ, both by his blood, and the imputation of his righteousness, by which they become without spot and blemish, and as white as snow; and by the Spirit in sanctification, he sprinkling clean water upon them, and purifying their hearts by faith in the blood of Jesus; and also by afflictive dispensations of Providence sanctified unto them. Within the very flames I will look up and see Thy loving eye fixed on me, so that Thou knowest where I am, so that Thou feelest for me, so that Thou givest me effectual help. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. And man still bears about him in dimness and defacement the image of God. Such then was the contagion, that not only the common people became corrupt, but even the Levites themselves, who ought to have been guides to others, and who were to be in the Church as it were the pattern of holiness. The various aspects under which Messiah is presented to us by the prophets bear direct relation to the immediate needs of the people who are told about Him. The laws which regulate our purification move along two different lines, each having its counterpart in the passion of our Lord. He brings forth social leaders who can bravely resist the hurrying tyranny. (1) I will send.—Or, I send. The purer the gold, the hotter the fire now; the whiter the garment, the harder the washing (Moore). Holman Christian Standard Bible - Study Notes - well done notes - Here is an example from Malachi 4... Malachi 4:1 The fiery element of the coming day echoes similar images in eschatological passages such as Joel 2:3-5 (see Ps 21:9; Isa 31:9). We are always at work checking some gathering evil, or cleansing something that has become foul. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". This was Malachi’s duty. In the degree in which we can see how the mystery of suffering can be reconciled with the wisdom and the power and the love of God, in that degree we shall be helped to be enduring for ourselves, and to be trustful about others. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". As it is a rule in medicine still to maintain nature; so God is careful still to keep up his people’s spirits by cordials; though he purge them sometimes till he bring them almost to skin and bone, that there may be a spring of better blood and spirits. When he fell from holiness and happiness he did not fall from his lordship. They find life a fiery ordeal. Thus haughty Hagar, humbled by affliction, hearkeneth to the angel, and submits to her mistress; that young gallant, that in the pride of his prosperity, in the ruff of his jollity, would not be warned; when his flesh and his body was consumed, when his bones clattered in his skin, and the mourners expected him at the doors, he is of another mind, and he may be talked with, Proverbs 5:11-13; then, like the beaten viper, he casteth up his poison both of high mindedness and of earthly mindedness, and if you have any good counsel to give him, he is ready to receive it. (e) He begins at the priests, that they might be lights, and shine unto others. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. He sets His seal upon the infinite worth of man by taking his nature. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. As to government; He is not indifferent to the way in which His kingdom is administered. She went accordingly, and, without telling the object of her errand, begged to know from him the process of refining silver, which he described to her. In living up to such a picture we should all make a grand approach to a civilised life. BibliographyCalvin, John. And so this truth comes before us: God has a loving purpose in consigning me to this great world, to the conditions of life in which we live. Our apostolical epistles tell of errors and heresies and immoralities even prevailing and defiling in their day, and the next centuries are a painful record of ever-increasing degradations. Behold--Calling especial attention to the momentous truths which follow. Society. Man is civilised when all his faculties of mind and heart are active within their spheres, not falling short of nature’s law, nor going beyond it. All is to the praise of the glory of His grace, and never let us forget that His grace involves our good, and His glory our happiness too. Many things are too worthless to pay for refining. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. 1599-1645. sit — The purifier sits before the crucible, fixing his eye on the metal, and taking care that the fire be not too hot, and keeping the metal in, only until he knows the dross to be completely removed by his seeing his own image reflected (Romans 8:29) in the glowing mass. (Comp. What love is shown by Christ to His people in all this patient watching and working for the removal of the dross of sin. The nation. "Commentary on Malachi 3:3". Being now purged from all dross, they become the standard and representatives of a nation’s wealth. But the address to the renewed soul is given in Malachi 4:2. It has long been a custom of philosophic minds to pass in silence any lessons of civilisation upon the pages of Scripture, and patiently to seek, and deeply to love everything in Aristotle or Plato. Just see how true this is in instances with which we are familiar in the Bible. The answer from the Lord divides itself into two parts, Zechariah 7:4-14 and ch. 1. MESSIAH'S COMING, PRECEDED BY HIS FORERUNNER, TO PUNISH THE GUILTY FOR VARIOUS SINS, AND TO REWARD THOSE WHO FEAR GOD. These are divided into various classes. He sees the dross, and He sees the metal, and He does not cast away the metal because of the dross, but He seeks to cast the dross out of the metal. From the description that is here given of Him; He revolutionises the thoughts, the emotions, the aims, the habits of mankind. 1694, p. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Malachi 3:3". The Book of Malachi Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 3 Mal 3:1-18. I. "Commentary on Malachi 3:3". (W. Osborne Lilley.). Take two simple instances. All the world over, and all the ages through, you may see man recalled to pure principles, and soon losing them again under the accumulating and debasing dross of ceremonies and superstitions. All that are Christ’s people are sure of sore and sharp afflictions, fiery trials and tribulations, piercing and pressing crosses, Psalms 34:19, James 1:2. And so the first essential condition of our being purified by suffering is this, that we give ourselves to God up to the measure in which it is possible for us, in the submission to His will, to endure suffering. Scouring and beating of them with a stick beats out the moths and the dust; so do afflictions corruptions from the heart. He will sit down to the work, not perfunctorily, but with patient love and unflinching justice. How keenly her Saviour felt for her. In righteousness; in right manner, purely and uprightly. And he shall sit as a refiner, and purifier of silver,.... Kimchi interprets this, as he does the latter part of the preceding verse Malachi 3:2, of the day, and not of the Lord, which he compares to a judge that sits and separates the guilty from the innocent; see 1 Corinthians 3:13 but it is to be understood of the Lord himself, and expresses his diligence in sitting and separating good men and principles from bad ones, just as silver is purified and refined from dross. And the second thing is this, is it not? In the first part He explains what it is that He requires of the people, and why He has been obliged to punish them with exile: in the second He promises them the restoration of His favour and the promised salvation. Shrink not then from the fire, unless you would shrink from the service too. Give attention then to Christian character as a civilisation. It waits for the Church to escape from the letter which killeth to the spirit which giveth life. Under “faculties” must be included conscience, and all the tender sentiments of friendship, love, sympathy, and religion, for, without these, a character may possess greatness in many respects, but not that perfect blending which seems to give us the perfect manhood. It waits for the Christian throng to enter, not their sanctuary only, but the world. https: The righteous offerings of His people are in accordance with His own righteous nature. 77) ploughed over the foundation of the temple. They often suffer more than sinners. There is a further side to the illustration. The offering must be made to God, and not to win the favour, admiration, or interest of men. He alone knows the kind of trials to send. The purpose of affliction, as stated here, is, that its subjects “may offer unto the Lord an offering in righteousness.” As a rule, great service can only come out of great suffering. Under the image of the text is symbolized the whole course of the sanctification of the elect, until, through the searching discipline of God, they attain the perfection to which they are predestined Our Lord's Passion has caused an entire revolution in the experiences and views of mankind. Nor are these metals inapt symbols of the Church of Christ. Often despised by the world, they are highly esteemed by Him. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. The character was not worthless; far from it. This and the following verse do not, of course, imply that there are to be material sacrifices in Messianic times. Much is wrong, and there is need for reformation. He shall purify — The effect of this fiery trial, shall be the thorough cleansing of the persons that are to pass through it. https: But is it so? 1859. He shall sit as a refiner - Alluding to the case of a refiner of metals, sitting at his fire; increasing it when he sees necessary, and watching the process of his work. Here, then, is a reform adequate in its truths and in its motives. So far as the circumstances themselves are concerned, we can see from Zechariah 7:5 and Zechariah 8:19, that during the captivity the Israelites had adopted the custom of commemorating the leading incidents in the Chaldaean catastrophe by keeping fast-days in the fifth, seventh, fourth, and tenth months. And he shall sit as a refiner] i.e. See 1 Peter 4:17. offering = a gift offering. 1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts. (1 Peter 4:17). Christ strains out our motes, while our hearts are poured out like milk, with grief and fear; he also keeps us from settling on the lees, by emptying us from vessel to vessel, Jeremiah 48:11 : when the wicked have no changes, and therefore they fear not God; they come not in trouble like other men, therefore they face the heavens, and their tongues walk through the earth, Psalms 73:5-9. Most of the religions of the world have made men impure, and many of them have enjoined and required impurity as an essential condition of salvation. To estimate your trials by the amount of purifying they accomplish. https: I. They give us the fuller, trampling the befouled garments, pounding them with his stout rod, and adding the strong lye, the “sope” that shall draw out all the stains. ”), It is necessary to think of civilisation in two lights--the one as the condition of the individual, the other as a power to influence others standing apart from its condition. In her time of indifference and thoughtlessness she is in the grip of her sin. The only thing is that there is brought clearly out before my eyes the co-existence in my character of contradictory forces. His fires, and acids, and cleansing agencies are innumerable. And he shall purify the sons of Levi] Whom he had before faulted, Malachi 1:6-14; Malachi 2:1-10. Society is to be judged and transformed. II. Whatever defectiveness may appear, either in primitive or later Churches, the past nineteen centuries reveal the immense indebtedness of the world to the Church. He would subject their principles to the fiery test of His heart-searching truth. Take the sphere of man’s social relations Self-interest has always proved to be the dross that gathers on and spoils the most perfect social schemes man has ever devised. He shall purify. https: 3. understands the passage of the Messiah; for he says, "in the days of the King Messiah, when his kingdom is restored, and all Israel shall be gathered to him, all will have their genealogies set right by his mouth, through the Holy Spirit that rests upon him, as it is said, "he shall sit a refiner and purifier":'. זה, in this and other similar combinations with numerical data, has acquired the force of an adverb: now, already (cf. Malachi 3:3-4. Lastly, remember this. Order must here be reconciled with liberty. The national life is stained by that which is immoral in the conduct of the priests in their daily life. Whatever errors and misconceptions they may be labouring under, He must set Himself to correct. On this use of the inf. Those who enter there have come out of great tribulation, and been made white in the blood of the Lamb. Go to. The noblest ideals are unattained, for the dross of self-indulgence soon gathers, and in middle life men are content with low attainments. Malachi gives us Messiah the Refiner, matching the condition of the people, as in a state of moral and religious degradation. It is the essential condition, as far as we see, for the working out of us what is bad and what is mean, and for the development within us of what is grand and beautiful and true. Notice the ceremony connected with the purification of the mother of Jesus. What do I want? That His people will have their fiery trials tempered to their spiritual requirements. I stood in the foundry-yard. And he shall purify the sons of Levi; the priests, either literally understood, some of these were converted from their evil principles and practices, and became obedient to the doctrines of the Gospel, Acts 6:7 or figuratively, the apostles of Christ and ministers of the Gospel, who were made clean by him; or rather all the people of God, who are made priests as well as kings, and are a royal priesthood, and are purified by Christ, both by his blood, and the imputation of his righteousness, by which they become without spot and blemish, and as white as snow; and by the Spirit in sanctification, he sprinkling clean water upon them, and purifying their hearts by faith in the blood of Jesus; and also by afflictive dispensations of Providence sanctified unto them.
2020 malachi 3:3 commentary