43 0 obj Certainly, no, psychological assessment method alone could suffi, the tendencies of individuals in specific subjects, their skills, per, interaction, and in most of the cases, they even overlap and occur concurrently. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 33 0 obj Tranel (1994) stated that particularly. Patients can be informed as to the, patient, this situation should be regarded as a limitation while conveying the test. endobj The 1999 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing adopted by AERA, APA, and NCME requires examiners to make reasonable accommodations for individuals with disabilities when administering psychological tests to such persons. 27 0 obj Ethical issues in psych testing 1. principle, individuals with questionable capacity, Vasquez, 2010). Ethics Ch. 2 0 obj In a sense, the definitions regarding the client are evaluated in a situational context. 4) During interpretation of assessment results, economic, ethical and cultural factors; and they sh. <> received from the parents for assessment of individuals under the age of 18. Pathological left-handedness: Is it familial? 28 0 obj conveyed in a comprehensible form (Adams and Boyd, 2010). <> For example, Milgram (1963), Zimbardo (1973). Not obtaining informed consent may increase the psychologist’s liability from damages that may occur from law suits that may be filed against him by the patient. Psychological testing is best defined as“the process of administering, scoring, and interpreting psy - chological tests” (Maloney & Ward, 1976, p. 9). 46 0 obj American Psychological Association. ofessional Psychology: Research and Practice, 25. Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics . endobj 0 �&J <> Psychologists living in these areas may be obligated to co, http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx. Test security 6. should not be released (Standard 8.12, Release of Training-Related Assessments). However, this makes psychologist… Informed consent is a legal issue. (1992). Includes bibliographical references (leaves [85]-89). Graduate students of psychology will find this core text a valuable source of information on ethics in psychology. American Psychologist, 45, 390-395. The time, expense and effort involved in the evaluation of a mentally retarded child can be largely wasted if the. Regulatory-legal framework for the use of assessment centres in South Africa Any form of psychological assessment in SA is controlled within an extensive regulatory-legal framework. endobj Introduces “hot topic” sections at the end of chapters to demonstrate the applicability of the Code in the face of emerging moral debates – such as the involvement in psychologists in military interrogations and the integration of religion and spirituality in therapy What challenges and insights has it presented over the past six years? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20. issues in rural, impoverished, and managed care settings. advantages, such as saving time and money, reduced im, reliability and validity of computer assisted a, personality, emotions and thoughts and psychological problems with. endobj This chapter explores the ethical problems inherent in the sequence of steps involved in psychological assessment (i.e., before, during, and following the actual contact with the person being assessed). endobj Key Features of the Second Edition: Ethical-issues-in-psychology-pdf In this review, firstly the definition, purposes, and the stages of psychological assessment are explained. The use of tests with high validity and, reliability reduces biases and judgment mistakes; and tests enable comparison of individuals with, standardized tests, test application environments and pr. LLDs are among the most common developmental disorders the clinician is likely to encounter. %PDF-1.7 %���� Changes in test administration may be required, but the Standards also require the examiner to provide evidence associated with the validity of test score interpretation in the face of such changes in administration. The indiscriminate distribution of sensitive testing materials can seriously impair the validity of those materials and possibly result in misuse of the materials by unqualified personnel. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The American journal of occupational therapy. Highlights updated case examples and expands discussion of the ethical decision-making model introduced in the First Edition To address these deficits the American Psychological Association published a report outlining six general concepts: attitudes, general knowledge about adult development, clinical issues, assessment, intervention, and education. endobj About 50% of children with an LLD also have a comorbid Axis I psychiatric disorder. In this article, the author addresses the ethical questions and decision evaluators associated with the writing of psychological assessment reports. In this article I address ethical issues in the areas of informed consent, nondiscriminatory assessment, projective personality assessment, and computerized psychological testing. Informed Consent 3. An effort was made to determine whether sensitive Level C Psychological measures (those tests whose distribution should be restricted to only highly trained personnel) could be easily obtained from publishers by unqualified individuals in violation of APA standards. In this phase, the hypotheses about the client are at a preliminary level. Many of the greatest psychological studies have been hugely unethical. propriate use of tests and test data and testing is under increased scrutiny in education, employment and health care. <> Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 19. inferences regarding their client to obsolete and disused information or test results. 2019-06-24T10:37:16-07:00 29 0 obj on Psychological Assessment) • CPT Codes and psychological assessment • Devaluation of psychological assessment • Pre-Authorization for psych testing and assessment • Scope of practice protection • Quality/Outcome measures for screening, diagnosis, treatment planning and … endobj --University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1990. We can easily answer this question by considering what all psychological tests do. AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Linux Kernel 2.6 64bit Oct 2 2014 Library 10.1.0 areas with lower socioeconomic levels, psychologists living in rural areas, were addressed. Divided Loyalties 7. Even though legal issues are probably not what first come to mind when most people think about psychology there is more involved in the practice of professional psychology than theories and treatment options. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Indiana University School of Medicine . Reduction of hand mouthing by a boy with profound mental retardation, Medical Counseling of Parents of the RetardedThe Importance of a Right Start, Evaluating function of mentally retarded children through the use of toys and play activities. under the supervision of a qualified colleague of theirs (Werth, Hastings, and Riding-Malon, 2010). In the final part, other ethical issues which are psychologist-counselor relationship in psychological assessment, computer-based assessment, psychological assessment in … <> Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. and likely to change with addition of new information. All content in this area was uploaded by Reyhan Arslan on Aug 05, 2018, Journal of Family, Counseling, and Education, 3, A Review on Ethical Issues and Rules in Psychological Assessment, skills that can be evaluated through various methods. American Psychological Association. <> should be paid to the issue of receiving informed co, informed consent unless they are proved to legally incapacit, are not deemed authorized to give an informed consent. Ethical Guidelines Regarding Psychological Assessment, view to provide psychologists with an insight into t, and reliability level of the test and its compliance with the norms. All rights reserved. 9 0 obj These parameters describe the aims and approach to diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of children and adolescents with language and learning disorders (LLDs). Ethical Issues Related to Psychological Testing in Africa: What I Have Learned (So Far) Abstract This article attempts to introduce readers to what I have learned regarding ethical issues in psychological testing in Africa. (2002). Guidelines also are included to help in creating a situation that will assist students in doing their best on tests. As long as it does not forbidden by laws or ethical principles or the client, rbal appraisal and a sincere speech - children. Download PDF Show page numbers All professional activities of psychologists, including psychological testing, are governed by ethical standards and principles, such as the ethics code of the American Psychological Association (APA). <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> <>stream Currently, the Ethics Committee adopts new standards based on contemporary complaints and issues within the profession. endobj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38. Thesis (M.S.) Psychological Testing and Psychological Assessment A Review of Evidence and Issues Stephen E. Finn Lorraine D. Eyde Gary G. Kay Kevin L. Moreland Robert R. Dies Elena J. Eisman Tom W. Kubiszyn and Geoffrey M. Reed Gregory J. Meyer University of Alaska Anchorage Center for Therapeutic Assessment U.S. Office of Personnel Management endobj endobj explanation to the parents is either inadequate or not understood. Intended Audience <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> On the other hand, they may encounter with many ethical dilemmas while doing these assessments. 166 Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment considerations best addressed before the assessment is begun, others come into play as the data are collected and analyzed, and still other ethical issues crop up after the actual assess-ment is completed. application/pdf assessment within the boundary of ethical rules: information and techniques that prove their results. uuid:33d7dac3-abd4-11b2-0a00-782dad000000 Validity, vaudeville, and values: A short history of social concerns over standardized testing. One of the problems one encounters when conducting psychological research is considering the extent to which the research depends upon being unethical. Ethical principles of psycholo - gists (Amended June 2, 1989). Unfortunately, recent research has shown that those currently in practice do not have sufficient knowledge of the aging process and age specific issues of older adults. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. endstream Down's syndrome and non-retarded individuals were compared. Ethical Issues in Assessments with Infants and Children Margarita M. Posada Fordham University When conducting assessments with infants and children it important for psychologists to be mind-ful of the ethical issues that may arise. <> 2019-06-24T10:37:16-07:00 © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. These results are inconsistent with the popular theoretical distinction, Expansion in comprehensive programs for the chronically handicapped, and the multidisciplinary approach to evaluation, have produced problems in communica tion, not only among the professional dis ciplines concerned, but between the pro fessionals and the families seeking help. (2002). 2019-06-24T10:37:16-07:00 ethical standards in test preparation and administration. The ethical issues to be covered include informed consent, multicultural considerations, release of test data, third party requests for services, and assessment in the digital age. The diagnosis of an LLD requires a discrepancy, based on age and intelligence, between potential and achievement. How has the 2002 American Psychological Association’s (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct been applied to ethical decision-making in the science and practice of psychology since its adoption? Therefore, informed consent should be received, patients with a simple language and receive their consent accordingly. One of these dilemmas is that psychologists living in. Furthermore, this article extends the current thinking on ethical issues regarding older adults by addressing their vulnerabilities. The right to Results 4. H�|T{PSg�7��D�����\77���#������FAv�DH��I0>��R���]� �(�"�@W�(R)ZyA*�*�ꌶ���{��ә�ٹ3�~�_��1����-ۣ��#W��i�*�.ye�:.5A��*��YGv��V�ܷo��6�~�x>��x8>8�%9����d�׮uu�R�Y��Y����2K�e�T��ղ�#z�:Q/L�I֥$��J.۔� �u����z��U�ߌdZ�L�5h�:��S�i9{�Z%3�*u�Rw@�l�����?�d�$�K���raN��)�T�8/ɳQb�S�:�Z/_���H�Z�)S�c1�>l�ͷÜx�8�Gs�17>�Y���&�\��b!�K�Nc��k��¿��}�^������6�6F�)“�&Lė��C��,(�B�0Y�l����_�n�k�{un���Va�`��]�]���6â�� !�Rh=|A�$�d��+3sV0C~4{����I�e=!+'BS"�j�!�\�O���� ��/?�hڜ"K�!��&���-x&�����:}�F�K��+M�ˆ�Ʋوg�K~����-�G��wZBd�d/w�cp~����rtF�(�ArF�-�iX�Dpb�A�3i���U'䎼��\�EL������]8Ķe��4,��ðE��w!� ���O䐢,3{Ό;�g���F���~�#�`'�TL!٦mI���!DY���6z�j{�� k�re��p���� U�=����'�_�U?4�iX54������@�#��t��S2������i��ADqEc�����⃘��ۤxrxH���ʎۊl�в�����a�`����2��ta?t�of܈PhF~��L*G np�������E��)m�V+A����u�g�1>�k�R�!�D�Dn�ܯi�Zk��-�k���S�� �X�f�aɫ ~�l��`�b��"i�'��>f�`�$75h}����p��-R�R3�2kOl��-����= �GHa�S���{��[vi� �Sd`�/��Xv�$�(S�V�TP�=?����>w&O�P�X�D?m Psychologists that offer psychological counseling may use psychological tests and some other measurement techniques in psychological assessment. A depiction of the ethical issues of psychologists working with older adults is provided and practical procedures to help psychologists perform with high ethical standards of care for this age group are offered. The core ethical consideration of how to best cater for cultural and linguistic diversity so as to be sensitive to test- psychology assessment could be influenced by these attributes. phase, specific inferences are elaborated to. endobj There is a significant body of literature, but one scattered among many venues and journals, addressing modifications of standardized procedures and their effects on test performance. Incorporates scholarly reactions to the Ethics Code and sheds new light on application since its adoption in 2002 The phases of this model. This paper distinguishes among the legal, ethical and professional issues recently emerging from the increased demands of assessments and also identifies unique issues … 5 0 obj The growing number of older adults in America will result in an increasing demand for psychotherapists familiar with their psychological needs. ndard 9.07, Assessment by Unqualified Persons). <> This paper reviews this extensive literature on the effects of various forms of departure from standardized procedures on test performance and such test score variables as reliability, all areas relevant to neuropsychological practice. In the final part, other ethical issues which are psychologist-counselor relationship in psychological assessment, computer-based assessment, psychological assessment in rural and low-income areas, and assessment of mentally retarded people are mentioned and some suggestions that can be considered in doing an ethical assessment are presented. Start studying Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing. endobj ), 3) If the test is applied to assess the decision making capacity of individual. 1 0 obj At this point, the psychologist starts to establish, verbal statements and test scores. The clinician is instrumental in identifying and treating comorbid conditions, including determining the appropriateness of medication. But what exactly is a psychological test? The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology, and psychologists themselves. Vita. The Health The first formal APA code of ethics was adopted in 1953, and it has undergone ten revisions. Ethical Issues and Rules in Psychological Assessment, cussed within the frame of American Psychological Association’s Ethics Code (2010). The incidence of left-handedness in the retarded groups was higher than in the normal group. Several United States Supreme Court decisions also discuss the concept of error and reliability of data as relevant to the admissibility of expert testimony. Hand preferences and the incidence of familial sinistrality of developmentally retarded. endobj Resolving Ethical Issues 1.01 Misuse of Psychologists’ Work 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Non-Degree-Granting Educational Regulations, ... American Psychological Association. CrossRef Google Scholar After that, ethical rules of psychological assessment are examined in ways that include both tests and other techniques in the context of ethical principles in the Ethical Guidelines of American Psychological Association. When dealing with people and sensitive (and/or private) information, it is mandated that specific procedures are implemented to ensure researchers are not only protecting the integrity of the work, but are protecting the participants involved. In addition, methods of resolving these important issues are suggested throughout the article. To treat this population in an ethical manner, practitioners need to be aware of the unique characteristics of the aging process, especially in regards to age-related vulnerabilities, such as cognitive decline. 36 0 obj <> drafting an ethical code which was debated in psychology departments and at state, regional and national professional meetings. The incidence of familial left-handedness was also raised in the retarded groups. Besides, these ethical rules are discussed in the light of findings in the related literature. endobj American Psychologist, 57, 1060-1073. biases” (Standard 9.05, Test Construction). Any psychological test is carried out with the implicit understanding that the findings of the test will not be divulged to any other third parties (McIntire & Miller, 2007). Ethical principles of psycholo-gists and code of conduct. 25 0 obj endobj 3 0 obj between pathological left-handedness in special groups and familial left-handedness in the general population. … uuid:33d7eb20-abd4-11b2-0a00-2059442cff7f : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with depressive disorders, In Our Clients’ Shoes: Theory and Techniques of Therapeutic Assessment. tests under the conditions they are standardized. Ethical issues arise before assessments are undertaken, during the testing process or collection of data, and after the information collected is scored, interpreted, and translated into a report. Departures from standard procedures during test administration may change the meaning of test scores, because scores based on norms derived from standardized procedures may not be appropriate; error terms and rates may also be affected. The clinician collaborates with parents and school personnel to clarify the diagnosis; implement appropriate treatment and remediation, and monitor progress. This insider’s guide is an essential resource for new and established mental health practitioners. Ethical issues in psychological research Geetesh Kumar Singh. Ethical principles of psycholo - gists and code of conduct. Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing One of the major ethical issues associated with psychological testing is the privacy issue. Ethics in psychology: Professional standards and. Appligent AppendPDF Pro 5.5 Legal Issues and Professional Psychology. Includes an alternate “Table of Contents” organized so readers and instructors can quickly find how standards throughout the Ethics Code relate to specific concerns and settings assessment for rural mental health promotion. Ethical and professional issues in career assessment with lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing Kimberly A. Quaid, Ph.D. Indiana University Center for Bioethics . For example, given that the majority of the standardized June 14, 2016 Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. endobj Prince 9.0 rev 5 (www.princexml.com) In addition, ethical issues such as informed consent, confidentiality, and elder abuse are addressed as they apply to both clinical and research situations. consent for assessment and diagnosis related servi, 1) If the test is requested through laws or legislative regulations, 2) If the test is implemented as a routine activity of an institution or a training unit (participants may, have volunteered for assessment during a job application, etc. 47 0 obj Polarization on the issues seems to prevail, as the views of outspoken advocates of standardized intelligence tests (e.g., Jensen, 1976) are diametrically opposed to the claims of vocal critics such as Hilliard (1975) and Williams (1972, 1974), who stress racial bias as an inherent property of … established to define the psychological assessment process are briefly described below. All these mentioned criteria should be rega, are also supposed to equip with specific skills, (Standard 9.08, Obsolete Tests and Outdated. effect on the level of confidence in that specific inference. It is clear from the above discussion that ethical issues may well arise in the use of ACs generally, supporting a need for research in this field. 8 0 obj Psychologists find themselves hindered from administering alternative tests on patients strongly deemed necessary for which authorization has been denied. However, to ensure standardization, feedbacks and the level of the established rela, established relationship and feedback between psycholo. multiple inferences about the client to direct further inquiries. ces” with exception of the following situations: Aside from using the existing tests, psychologists can also construct new testing tools. Ethical issues may arise when proper procedures for per-forming assessments are not carried out. prompt the client to search for treatment/aid are sought. (1990). In Psychology some of the most contested issues are ethical issues. The initial interpretation in terview is particularly crucial to all fur ther treatment and habilitation attempts, and in this regard the "primary physician" is probably the most important individual the family will meet.Guidelines for counseling the parents of the retarded are outlined. The ethical issues in psychology will help discover the various areas in the field that should be tread upon with sensitivity. ��#�7�ηό��r~W�f�9%@53��8 ������������y�����&(��:m�b��yh,�ӏ�|��իZ�+�PWq�Y2��#���2��Vf�J'�u��sOk{.���o�/JGu�*���-�f9��`Ux�":&�0��xOMv�Pl�{��,�x^���6�c��ԅ̊��3�_tU6�>���%8I�{�/hZ�04�����NٍZi.y|CBh�*6�����3RO��{�����g���$�2�MR��Z�N6u�1�;��B� ��/����j��qZ��X�u��6�#�poM� ������7h�^�!8�8j� �r�w�s�4DQ'��x2�Z��� PDF | This article attempts to introduce readers to what I have learned regarding ethical issues in psychological testing in Africa. psychologists working in large cities. Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American Education Research Association, 1999) clearly states that bias in test selection, administration, and interpretation must be avoided, potentially discriminatory assessment practices in these settings (Padilla, 2001). One of the most frequent ethical issues that confronts psychologists in the schools is the process of … as possible - in native language of clients. <>stream issues. There are ethical standards in testing psychology due to the unique involvement of observing and conducting research on human subjects.
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