Within four years a combined Argentinian and Chilean army managed to defeat and drive out the Spanish army, restoring Chile's independence. It was not until the late 19 th century that the nation acquired most of its land. San Martín was an important war general and helped Argentina, Peru, and Chile gain independence. José Francisco de San Martín (February 25, 1778–August 17, 1850) was an Argentine general and governor who led his nation during the wars of Independence from Spain.He is counted among the founding fathers of Argentina and also led the liberations of Chile and Peru. On March 18, 1818, Osorio led a surprise attack on the joint Argentine-Chilean army, which had to retreat to Santiago, with heavy losses. Chile won its formal independence when San Martín defeated the last large Spanish force on Chilean soil at the Battle of Maipú on April 5, 1818. The country of Chile became a republic nation in 1818. Finding the best path to lead Chile toward economic development has been a continuous task of Chilean governments and leaders during the last century. San Martín then led his Argentine and Chilean followers north to liberate Peru; and fighting continued in Chile's southern provinces, the bastion of the royalists, until 1826. Which of these states was the last to achieve independence? July 9, 2016, marks the 200th anniversary of Argentina’s declaration of independence from Spain. After securing Chilean independence, with a fleet commanded by the adventurous Lord Cochrane, he invaded Peru and declared independence in Lima in 1821, with himself as dictator. Which of these newly independent states controlled the largest territory? Chile first declared independence in 1810, but the resulting internal instability led to a restoration of Spanish rule in 1814. On 18 February 1818, the first anniversary of the battle of Chacabuco, Chile declared its independence from the Spanish Crown. 1817. Mexico. When Chile won its independence from Spain in 1818, the country comprised the middle one-third of what it is today. Chile, like many other nations in South America, gained independence from Spain. Venezuela. Chile gained its independence from Spain in 1817, after seven years of warfare. The Argentine independence movement began in 1806, when British attacks on Buenos Aires were repelled by local militia with little help from Spain. Chile gained independence from the country of Spain on September 18, 1810. In what year did Chile gain its independence? The Mapuche region to the south, which had remained largely independent of Spanish rule, also resisted the new Chilean government. Bolivia. Meanwhile, however, Simon Bolivar had been freeing Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador from Spanish imperial rule and it was essential to unite the two armies. The city of La Paz is located in which of these states? 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