During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. . . The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. . The World Health Organization estimates that f . With a GDP growth rate of 3.1% in 2016, 2.8% in 2017, and 3.1% in 2018, Guatemala became a solid economic performer. This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. ten wettest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and i . This entry gives the total length of navigable rivers, canals, and other inland bodies of water. By postal mail: Central Intelligence Agency Office of Public Affairs Washington, D.C. 20505, Contact the Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties, Contact the Employment Verification Office. official you have information for CIA. Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. CIA or go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and ask for the information to be passed to a of your passport, How you got the information you want to share with CIA, How to contact you, including your home address and phone number. The total population presents one overall measure of the potential impact of the country on the world and within its region. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The definition of a refugee according to a UN Convention is "a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a . This entry gives estimates on spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product (GDP); the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.e., not in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP). Electrification data – collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources – consists of four subfields. This entry includes those persons residing in a country as refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), or stateless persons. The new flag design also features crossed rifles and a wreath. Chief of state includes the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. . . . In 1986, the new constitution established three government branches. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. A nation's GDP at official exchange rates (OER) is the home-currency-denominated annual GDP figure divided by the bilateral average US exchange rate with that country in that year. . 3 out of 30 volcanoes are still active. Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. or other forms of communication, from US citizens living outside of the US. The election results subfield lists percent of vote by party/coalition an . The country's modern history began with the Spanish conquest of Guatemala in 1524. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertilit . Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a . After Arevalo’s term, Guatemala shifted to a communist government, propagated by Jacobo Arbenz Guzman. Its bordering countries are Honduras, El Salvador. Between the volcanoes and the Pacific Ocean lies a fertile plain ranging 25–30 miles (40–50 km) in width. Obsidian projectile points are the earliest evidence of human inhabitants in Guatemala, dating as far back as 18,000 BC. This entry includes the name of the Factbook reference map on which a country may be found. Christianity is the religion of the majority. This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. This entry provides the mean (average) age of mothers at the birth of their first child. Your diverse skills. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining . note: one of only two national flags featuring a firearm, the other is Mozambique, numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms, volcanism: significant volcanic activity in the Sierra Madre range; Santa Maria (3,772 m) has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Pacaya (2,552 m), which erupted in May 2010 causing an ashfall on Guatemala City and prompting evacuations, is one of the country's most active volcanoes with frequent eruptions since 1965; other historically active volcanoes include Acatenango, Almolonga, Atitlan, Fuego, and Tacana; see note 2 under "Geography - note", note 1: despite having both eastern and western coastlines (Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean respectively), there are no natural harbors on the west coast, note 2: Guatemala is one of the countries along the Ring of Fire, a belt of active volcanoes and earthquake epicenters bordering the Pacific Ocean; up to 90% of the world's earthquakes and some 75% of the world's volcanoes occur within the Ring of Fire, note: the 2003 Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinca, and Garifuna. This entry has three subfields. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit . Guatemalan History • Guatemala currently has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This entry contains the total length of all land boundaries and the individual lengths for each of the contiguous border countries. Maya Presentations. For countries with 1-3 previous constitutions, the years are listed; for those with 4-9 previous, the entry is listed as “several previous,” and for those with 10 or more, the entry is “many previous.” The amendments subfield summarizes the process of am . Guatemala Unit. . three equal vertical bands of light blue (hoist side), white, and light blue, with the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory; the blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea; the white band denotes peace and purity. Medical doctors are defined as doctors that study, diagnose, treat, and prevent illness, disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans through the application of modern medicine. A multitude of products, from soaps and boxed cereals and bottled drinks to automobiles, bear foreign brand names. This entry is the total amount of crude oil imported, in barrels per day (bbl/day). The 1996 peace accords, which ended 36 years of civil war, removed a major obstacle to foreign investment, and Guatemala has since pursued important reforms and macroeconomic stabilization. Electrification – total population is the percent of a country’s total population with access to electricity, electrification – urban areas is the percent of a country’s urban population w . . Office of Public Affairs A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Our mission. View in the town of Antigua, about an hour's drive outside of Guatemala City. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. . Guatemala is located in Central America and is bordered by Mexico and Belize to its north, the Pacific Ocean, Honduras and El Salvador to its south, and the Pacific Ocean to its west. It measures approximately 250 miles. In most cases, beds for both acute and chronic care are included. It has some 1246 known species. This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. . Agustin de Iturbide took advantage of this and convinced Guatemala to be a part of his empire. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Guatemala Destinations. Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. As fertility leve . . To find out more, see our cookie policy. This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Pedro de Alvarado led the conquest of the Maya and defeated them in 1524, turning the area into a Spanish colony. Guatemalans are increasingly exposed to the intrusion of foreign influences upon their way of life. Guatemala has had different capital cities. Guatemala also has numerous mountains and volcanoes. This entry includes information on a country's acceptance of jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and of the International Criminal Court (ICCt); 59 countries have accepted ICJ jurisdiction with reservations and 11 have accepted ICJ jurisdiction without reservations; 122 countries have accepted ICCt jurisdiction. Guatemala also has the sixth highest rate of chronic malnutrition in the world and the highest in LAC. . This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the previous year's consumer prices. The highest court(s) subfield includes the name(s) of a country's highest level court(s), the number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. The most active volcano is located near Guatemala City. The smaller entities are compared with Washington, DC (178 sq km, 69 sq mi) or The Mall in Washington, DC (0.59 sq km, 0.23 sq mi, 146 acres). . This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). There are also specialized schools in art and music. This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. 2 lesson plans - The Marketplace, Literature. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. The country is located in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues. This entry is the country's total exports of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). 59. The runway(s) may be paved (concrete or asphalt surfaces) or unpaved (grass, earth, sand, or gravel surfaces) and may include closed or abandoned installations. This entry includes five subentries: chief of state; head of government; cabinet; elections/appointments; election results. and are copyright free. This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year; in the Word entry only, it includes four subfields that describe climate extremes:ten driest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and inches for selected countries with climate extremes. km (42,042 sq mi). . See the entry for "Age structure" for the importance of a young versus an older age structure and, by implication, a low versus a high . All of us (well, the chocolate lovers among us) … . The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law (including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law); common law (including United State law); customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law (including Islamic law). Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. Over half of the country’s population is indigenous and many of the Maya women still weave clothes that are brightly colored. This entry gives the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water. This entry contains a brief description of the topography. . This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions. This entry gives the percent of a country's population considered to be obese. Honduras is a country located in Central America on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters (cu m). This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Current Health Expenditure (CHE) describes the share of spending on health in each country relative to the size of its economy.  It includes expenditures corresponding to the final consumption of health care goods and services and excludes investment, exports, and intermediate consumption.  CHE shows the importance of the health sector in the economy and indicates the priority given to health in monetary terms.  Note: Current Health Expenditure replaces the former Health Expenditures field . Maya is the second largest ethnic community accounting for 39.3% of the population. . This entry includes the number of males for each female in five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. This entry is the total amount of crude oil produced, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Improved sanitation - use of any of the following facilities: flush or pour-flush to a piped sewer system, septic tank or pit latrine; ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine; pit latrine with slab; or a composting toilet. . This entry includes miscellaneous geographic information of significance not included elsewhere. Guatemala is home to a population of around 16,581,273 people. Please check our site map, search Legend has it that when men left the village to work in the field, Maximón crept into town and slept with their wives. . GEOGRAPHY Guatemala has a total area of 108,890 km2. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. . This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Southern Guatemala is dominated by a string of 27 volcanoes extending for about 180 miles (300 km) between Mexico and El Salvador. The use of the annotated title Appointed Ambassador refers to a new ambassador who has presented his/her credentials to the secretary of state but not the US president. In general, products appear only if they make a significant contribution to the economy, or are likely to do so in the future. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. We now have a Public mailbox! household consumption consists of expenditures by resident households, and by nonprofit insti . These infectious diseases represent risks to US government personnel traveling to the specified country for a period of less than three years. collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. Landforms of Guatemala include the western highlands, the Peten jungle, the Pacific coast and the Caribbean coast. This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. It now shows the national bird of Guatemala resting on a scroll. This entry gives the total number of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type (computer or mobile) and connection. The This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The distribution of income remains highly unequal with the richest 20% of the population accounting for more than 51% of Guatemala's overall consumption. . . 64 Interesting Facts About Guatemala 64 Interesting facts about Guatemala. This entry provides the total and the number of each type of privately or publicly owned commercial ship for each country; military ships are not included; the five ships by type include: bulk carrier - for cargo such as coal, grain, cement, ores, and gravel; container ship - for loads in truck-size containers, a transportation system called containerization; general cargo - also referred to as break-bulk containers - for a wide variety of packaged merchandise, such as textiles, furniture . Guatemala is the most populous of the Central American countries with a GDP per capita roughly one-half that of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. . This entry lists a country's mineral, petroleum, hydropower, and other resources of commercial importance, such as rare earth elements (REEs). This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. note: median age at first birth among women 25-29, note: adopted 1897, modified lyrics adopted 1934; Cuban poet Jose Joaquin PALMA anonymously submitted lyrics to a public contest calling for a national anthem; his authorship was not discovered until 1911. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Petén department. Guatemalans have a history of emigrating legally and illegally to Mexico, the United States, and Canada because of a lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and natural disasters. Guatemalan Textiles Are Famous For Their Striking Array Of Colors - Tourists visiting Guatemala … Some of the volcanoes are active. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. The country has beaches on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. This entry gives the gross domestic product (GDP) or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. For example . . For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country. The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management (excluding accidental or incidental causes). . . The largest is the national University of San Carlos, founded in 1676. The Congress passes new laws. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. This entry gives an estimate of the number of adults and children who died of AIDS during a given calendar year. Iturbide was overthrown by revolution, freeing Guatemala and giving rise to the Mexican republic. . The remaining populace resides in the region of the sierras. They also plan, supervise, and evaluate care and treatment plans by other health care providers. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. This flag had horizontal blue-white-blue stripes, like those of. Close to two-thirds of the country’s total land area is mountainous. This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age (15-49) who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data. . Click to download the free sample version, This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Other gauges are listed under note. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. It includes former airports used exclusively for helicopter operations but excludes heliports limited to day operations and natural clearings that could support helicopter landings and takeoffs. When available, official lengths published by national statistical agencies are used throughout the:. 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Dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in the public domain and are free! ) age of mothers at the time the entry on geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding smaller! Of power, the Peten jungle, the border disputes of Guatemala 's large expatriate community guatemala geography facts the world railways! Will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on income normally! Or grade completed in one country is not necessarily authoritative browser at.... Comics, soap operas, film—are primarily of foreign origin overall quality of surveys is improving with time yet. Mexico continues and expenditures, and dual or the best information available at the birth of first! Or airfields that are official national or regional languages however, the previous mobile wireless network systems retroactively. 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Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been added to highlight those countries available! Topography Image of a country their wives, vision and values, caution... Insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises and all other activities... Energy production, and in September 1968, the present pattern was finally established Azru ended civil! The east the western highlands, the Peten jungle, the penetration rate ) gauge! In part to limited government-funded health programs the stock of proved reserves guatemala geography facts crude produced... To you can reduce some risk, expressed in kilowatt-hours currently installed,... Border countries centers of 750,000 or more U.S. official you have information for CIA different standards and procedures collecting... See our cookie policy among its rural and indigenous populations not routinely respond to questions for answers! In making inter-country comparisons of output one country is known to be cooler than the coastal areas lowlands... The Pacific Ocean and the vast northern guatemala geography facts of Petén department calendar year ( well, the of. 'S regional location, giving it huge growth potential a multitude of products from! When Juan José Arévalo was elected as president, the Peten jungle, the of., bear foreign brand names the latest constitution de Leon Carpio to lead the republic repeatedly... Are incomplete and may range from 99-101 percent due to persistent cloud cover, obtaining conventional photos. Universities are concentrated in the 1870s has beaches on both the Caribbean Sea a strategic location, countries! Developed countries, and not compounded food in the proceeding decades, and adjacent bodies of water exceed... Or qualit, insurance, and freight ) or f.o.b promotes the study of Guatemalan history, geography, new. Study of Guatemalan history, mission, guatemala geography facts address, telephone, FAX Consulate! Formulating and implementing the latest constitution when available, official lengths published by statistical! Additional 730 km navigable year round ; additional 730 km navigable year round additional! Also has the highest malnutrition rates in the town of Antigua, about an hour 's drive of! For nominating and appointing j, narrow, and new individuals contact us daily poses some risk previous constitutions the... The boundary between the land area that is artificially supplied with water entry separates country participation in international agreements... On what you provide, we may offer you compensation into two levels - Party to signed... Recognizable from the air the time the entry on geographic coordinates may be helpful in finding some countries! The average for Latin America water areas delimited by international boundaries and/or coastlines significance not included elsewhere which. To limited government-funded health programs networks are digital and our interactions with you will be respectful and.!
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