At the beginning deep sky astrophotography with a telescope, you most likely start by capturing the "Easy-3" deep sky objects: M31, M42, and M45. We purchased this tripod when we had our heavy 20x80 Orion Binoculars. There are times when you will want to give up, or feel like you are not good enough for this hobby, but keep going! If you feel you are past the beginner astrophotographer phase and would like to capture really faint deep space gas, consider buying a narrowband filter. The last pages of this book include an index of all 88 constellations, each with a slot where you can write your own personal tips and tricks in order to memorize them with ease. It is also one of the most difficult to get into and can become quite expensive. Astrophotography may seem difficult, but it welcomes your challenge: even if you don't have specialized equipment, you can give it a try with your COOLPIX, Nikon 1, or Nikon digital SLR camera. While doing night sky astrophotography with the P900 is possible as seen above, both the electronic viewfinder and the LCD screen will only show the brightest stars, making for inaccurate pointing. We might make a similar post about Advanced Astrophotography gear in the future, where we may talk about cooled astrophotography cameras, filter wheels, and some advanced accessories. This was back when we were just discovering the night sky and before we ever considered buying a DSLR camera. With this cable you can attach the clamps to the battery, and use the cigarette lighter port end to connect to your mount's cigarette lighter cable to power it on. Whether you are a beginner, intermediate, or advanced astrophotographer, this detailed book of the best deep sky objects will serve as a personal guide for years to come! Lightroom will not stack or even process your deep sky images, but is a great finishing tool to enhance the image after it comes out of whichever processing software you used. But don't forget about the small pieces required for the rest to work. We will post a review of this product soon! Please note that if your camera has already came with a lens (usually the 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 "kit zoom lens"), you do not necessarily need to buy a new one. Three of the best filters for Light Pollution are the Optolong L-eNhance (left), the Optolong L-Pro (middle), and the OPT TRIAD filter (right). If you'd prefer to go with a wider refractor, consider purchasing the Meade 6000 Series 70mm f/5 Petzval refracting telescope! Each target in this guide contains our advice on imaging, photos of expected results, and a useful information table. You can also use your smartphone instead of a Point & Shoot camera, which will probably give you better results anyway. We image using the Transcend 64GB card seen above, and it has always been perfect for us. Astrophotography and Sketching → Experienced Deep Sky Imaging → Messier 13 (M13, NGC6205) Hercules, and the "Elusive Propeller" Started by rekokich , 04 Dec 2020 astrophotography , … This is why we always suggest going up to 8" but not over when deciding on you first telescope. Watch the episode and see what this small telescope is capable of! It is light, small, and has a relatively fast focal ratio of f/6. Is the only camera (today) with this kind of superzoom … so it’s a natural though to use it for astrophotography. Considering I can do this handheld it’s quite impressive (obviously a tripod IS better) given the IBIS of the camera. The Explore Scientific 80mm f/6 ED APO Triplet refractor is one of the company's most popular telescopes. Attaching this to your camera will allow you to screw in a second adapter that will go directly into the telescope's focuser. We made a 3-part video tutorial on how to stack and process a nebula from start to finish here. If you watched or read our review, we recommend the Orion 8" Astrograph f/3.9 for a beginner astrophotographer who's leaning towards a reflector as their first telescope! We bought it mostly so we could connect it to our, The most popular guiding software for Astrophotography is by far, The price might make you hesitate, but trust us, if you are serious about Astrophotography and are willing to spend enough time learning how the software works, this will be one of the best investments you will make in this hobby. Be sure to order one that is fit for the model of DSLR camera you own! The most popular guiding software for Astrophotography is by far PHD2. If you own a Newtonian reflector telescope that is slower than f/6, or a refractor telescope that has a focal length of 800mm or more, you might not need any coma corrector or a field flattener! The thing looks like a brick, there are no USB or cigarette lighter plugs, there isn't an extra tiny light or even a decent handle to conveniently carry it around… Why would you need this, right? We had no idea it would become our main tripod when shooting the Milky Way, taking time-lapses and star trails! These cameras have a relatively low price and are great for beginner astrophotographers on a tight budget, or those who are skeptical they will love the hobby. Both of these telescopes are considered excellent in terms of price and quality for beginners. How to attach Olympus "Four-Thirds" lenses on astronomical cameras. Often we would be inside the car while the telescope was doing its job, and out of fear we would check if the camera was dead every few minutes. It is fully manual (meaning you cannot autofocus or change the aperture through the menus) but is easy to use and yields great results for the price! We started out with the Orion Magnificent Autoguider Package, because it includes everything you need to start guiding. We made a, As we have mentioned before, we started our Astrophotography journey with a pair of, Astrophotography with a DSLR camera and a tripod only, You can watch our Unboxing video and read our, photographing deep sky objects with just a cheap DSLR camera and a tripod, 15 easiest astrophotography targets without a telescope. That saves you a lot of time especially when taking deep sky images. A simple way to fix this is to attach a, These are usually expensive, but trust us, you will dislike your images after awhile by not taking care of the coma straight from the beginning. But we also believe in not breaking your neck over the learning curve in this hobby. In this post we will show you every piece of equipment needed to start astrophotography the right way. Get the Nikon P1000 here: Tripod I use: Sample Footage with the Nikon P1000-Shooting Eagles with the Nikon P1000: Check out my full review of the Nikon P1000 … It needs to have a large payload capacity. In this video, we take the Meade out of its protective case for the first time and aim it at the Lagoon and Trifid nebulae (M8 and M20). We have owned 4 or 5 tripods since beginning our adventure into astrophotography, and so far, the ones that were worth the money are the two below. "ED" stands for Extra-Low Dispersion and works hand in hand with APO scopes. If you've been searching the web for astrophotography equipment for a while, you have probably read from dozens of sources that the mount is the most important piece of equipment when it comes to astrophotography with a telescope. Nikon offers Camera Control Pro 2 which will remotely control the camera via a … The wife decided to replace her failing Canon compact video camera with the Nikon Coolpix P900 digital camera. Eventually, you will want to get a faster lens (f/1.8 or f/2.8) for your desired focal length, or purchase a telephoto lens to get a closer photograph of deep sky objects. These filters will change the quality of your image to a point where you will not be able to live without them! Some recent DSLR cameras may now have a built-in intervalometer, but they are often limited in what you can do. Although it might sound scary for complete beginners, know that this is how we started and we made out alright. Very similar to the Explore Scientific telescope listed previously, the Orion ED80T ED APO Triplet Refractor telescope is most often a beginner astrophotographer's first telescope. We recommend getting a guiding camera for any kind of setup anyway. Let us know in the comments below if there is anything you'd like us to add to the list, or if you have any questions! Remember though, this is a motorized mount, and they haven't made them with lunar panels yet (come on Elon!). The Nikon Coolpix P900 (2000mm) and P1000 (3000mm), with their massive zoom lenses, can capture great solar (and moon) images. On the left is an Orion field flattener, on the right a Meade 6000 series field flattener. Auto-guiding is crucial for telescopes with a focal length of 800mm or more, but less important for smaller instruments. I have toyed with photographing the night sky on a few occasions in the past with limited success so I am not expecting … Think of a refractor tube as a big camera lens, where light enters from one end, passes through the objective lens and ends up on your camera sensor. It has an additional 900 deep sky objects in its database in comparison to the last mount at 42,000. This book contains more than 200 pages to memorialize your stargazing and imaging sessions, as well as a useful chart on the last pages to index exciting or important notes. No matter what type of telescope you own, you will need a T-Ring. Stellarium, SkySafari Pro, and the mobile app Star Chart. This book groups the constellations in a logical order, so that the reader can easily learn them by their origin, and see how their stories interact with one another as a group. We definitely do not recommend you start this way, as your brand new smartphone most likely captures better images than our Point & Shoot camera ever did. Community Forum Software by IP.BoardLicensed to: Cloudy Nights, Messier 13 (M13, NGC6205) Hercules, and the "Elusive Propeller", First Mono Editing LRGB - Why does it look like rainbow Sherbet. Now we have powerful software that can give you information on millions of targets. The other two types of Narrowband filters are Sulfur II (middle) and Oxygen III (right). You can purchase a T-Mount adapter instead, which will allow you to connect your camera to your telescope, just like the other two, but will not have any effect on your images. You now have your astrophotography mount and are ready to go image! This one is a no-brainer. Astrophotography with Nikon P1000 – 1 The Nikon Coolpix P1000 as a very impressive zoom : 24 – 3000 mm (135x). Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM (also called "Pancake lens"), Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM (also called "Nifty Fifty"). This device will help you to take long exposures, add a delay, set intervals, and control exposure times. It also helps to have a tripod that has no problem supporting a heavy camera body and lens. It was purchased from B&H Photo and Video . Although it will last for some time, know that in the long run, you will eventually need to upgrade from the jump starter. Description: Discover 60 Deep Sky Objects that will considerably improve your Imaging and Processing skills! If you are willing to splurge on astrophotography equipment for the long-term, consider purchasing a high-end DSLR camera with excellent low-light capabilities, such as the Canon 5D Mark IV or the Nikon D810A. Well, we decided to add a little side note for those of you who might not want to purchase a lot of gear at the moment, but still want to get some pictures of the stars. No polar alignment, star alignment, collimation or focusing needed! It is quite light and, in our experience, very sturdy. See our post on Messier 27 to see exactly what we're talking about…. Star Chart is a free mobile app which you can use to find popular deep sky objects, planets, and stars by pointing your smartphone up and around. We do not regret our purchase and have gotten great images with very low noise. It is also a bit faster with a focal ratio of f/5. If you are interested in filming with your camera, know that the Canon 7D Mark II has great video capabilities. Discover which star clusters, nebulae, and galaxies are the easiest and most impressive to photograph for each season. Wired intervalometers also consume very little power, so you won't have to change your batteries for months. You might not need this if you have done everything perfectly during processing, but we usually like to give it a go before being entirely done with our images just in case. You can check out this instrument along with us by watching Episode 13 of Galactic Hunter. We then upgraded to a DSLR camera and a tripod. Always try to teach yourself how to become better and next thing you know, your images will be featured on magazines and astronomy websites. We went with the Orion 8" Astrograph f/3.9 for its fast focal ratio, its price, and its popularity. Its aperture of 8" and focal length of 803mm means that we can frame all Messier objects and many other DSO's perfectly in our camera's live view without cutting anything off. You will need to buy a, The type of T-Ring you buy should not matter, but you should get a strong one and, of course, one that works with your camera's brand. You can't image deep sky objects after sunrise, but if you could, this battery would allow you to continue. Your tripod will serve you for years to come. You simply take it out of your bag, set it down, and start shooting with your mobile device. You might have to mess around with the settings but you should expect it to work with default settings. Et tu, jump starter? Wide angle lenses are best used to photograph the Milky Way, for star trail imaging, or capturing meteor showers. If, like us, you are not familiar with electricity and batteries in general, a deep cycle battery can be a scary purchase. Read back on the logs to see how much progress you have made through the months, the problems you overcame, and the notes taken to improve in the future. A Jump Starter is very easy to use, it comes with USB ports and its own cigarette lighter port. Keep in mind the telescopes listed below have been chosen with astrophotography in mind, not visual. We typically spend 4 hours on most targets, and if we were to use our DSLR camera with battery grip, we would now have to switch the battery just once instead of twice. APO stands for Apochromatic, meaning the instrument was built to reduce chromatic aberration. As we have mentioned before, we started our Astrophotography journey with a pair of binoculars and an old Point & Shoot camera. The, M45 taken with the Explore Scientific 80mm telescope - James Shrader, Very similar to the Explore Scientific telescope listed previously, the, The Rosette Nebula taken with the Orion ED80T CF telescope - Wanda Conde, If you'd prefer to go with a wider refractor, consider purchasing the, This was the first refractor telescope we had the chance to try and we absolutely loved it! After the death of our jump starter, we purchased a Deep Cycle Battery to take the next step into this hobby, and we needed more power for some new accessories. Believe it or not, you can get decent photos of the night sky, including deep sky objects, without spending thousands of dollars on gear. Sure, you might have to switch them out during the night if one gets full, but at least you will be able to keep half your data if one of them fails and becomes unusable. During the holiday season of 2019, Canon decided to compete with Nikon's D810A and released the Canon EOS Ra, a mirrorless camera also build specifically for Astrophotography. The Nikon COOLPIX P1000 features a 3000mm super telephoto lens, allowing for mind-blowing reach that will let you zoom to the moon and beyond. We never use light pollution filters as we prefer to escape the city lights and image far from home. We were really devastated when it happened because we drove an hour out, spent 45 minutes setting everything up, and were in a good mood to start imaging when our power source decided to stab us in the back. Fast Newtonian telescopes (usually f/6 or faster) are great for capturing deep sky objects in less total exposure time as other telescopes but they suffer from coma aberrations. PHD2 usually works very well, but we did have problems with it a few times. A field flattener is mostly necessary for refractor telescopes with a short focal length. It is very reliable, or at least until it loses its juice without any indication. We were not going to include this mount in our list at first, but for you folks who have some cash to splurge, get yourself a Software Bisque mount! You will need to buy a cigarette lighter to clamps adapter. This is the most affordable mount in this list and we believe it could last us several more years. That means you can charge your phone or tablet with it, and you can also directly plug your mount's cigarette lighter cable straight into it. Explore Scientific is known for making superb wide-field astrophotography telescopes. When that happens, please let us know! The Celestron CGX mount has the biggest payload capacity of the three while still being affordable for a wide range of users. We recently purchased a battery grip for our Canon 7D Mark II, and we can honestly say that we wish we got it sooner! Did you find this list of all you need for Astrophotography equipment a bit… long and expensive, and decided to scroll all the way to the bottom? That was how we got our first great images of the night sky. These lenses can be used to get a closer look at the Milky Way band, photograph the constellations, and taking landscape astrophotography. A sturdy tripod will make your life much easier when setting up and taking long exposure shots. The results will not be 10/10, but you should be able to image some of the brightest objects in the night sky! First, let's talk about how to connect your DSLR camera to your telescope. If you read our ", The Andromeda Galaxy taken with a Canon T3i, We started with the "TXi" series for our first DSLR camera. 1) Easy but Unreliable Option: Stanley Power Station Jump Starter. If you are the position we were in when we first started, you could only spring for a quality camera, but don't worry! The Nikon COOLPIX P1000 features a 3000mm super telephoto lens, allowing for mind-blowing reach that will let you zoom to the moon and beyond. 3) MEADE 6000 SERIES 70MM F/5 PETZVAL REFRACTING TELESCOPE. Read more about the best telescopes to start astrophotography. We bought it mostly so we could connect it to our ASIAir (not part of this list of equipment of beginners) and to slew our telescope anywhere using our mobile device. PixInsight, unlike Deep Sky Stacker, works on any computer, but it is not free. Nikon D750 with 14-24 f2.8. All images were captured on a Fujifilm X-T2 mirrorless APS-C digital camera, using the following lenses: Samyang 12mm f/2.0 NCS CS, Fujifilm XF 23mm f/1.4 R, Fujifilm XF 35mm f/1.4 R, Fujifilm XF 90mm f/2 R LM WR, and Nikon … We usually launch Stellarium when we have to check something really fast before going home. We made a video where we show you our results for several deep sky objects using our old Canon t3i and a tripod, no tracking needed! The Stanley Power Station Jump Starter is what we started with, and it lasted us a little over a year before losing its power potency. You will not only learn how to use your camera, but also how to focus, how to find your target, how to use an intervalometer, and how the sky differs each season. Rokinon 10mm f/2.8 - This is the lens we use when shooting the Milky Way. You will also need to purchase an extra cable to utilize it since it does not come with a cigarette lighter port. PixInsight is, without any doubt, the best Deep Sky processing software accessible to amateur astrophotographers. Make sure to follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube to stay up to date with our work! You can also read our full guide about how to start astrophotography by clicking on the image below! It's a little rough around the edges since we always install it in the desert but it has not failed us! If you have the telescope but do not own a great camera, you can instead purchase a smartphone adapter and use your phone as a camera, for now. Please re-enable javascript to access full functionality. What if it's too difficult to use? This makes them really useful for imaging galaxies, nebulae or clusters. Whether you plan to do wide-field astrophotography with your DSLR camera and tripod or deep sky imaging with a telescope, consider getting one or two accessories for your DSLR. You can read our tutorial and watch our video to see how we collimate our telescope with a laser in under 90 seconds. Although focusing on a bright star is not super difficult, you really want to make sure that your focus is absolutely perfect before launching hours of exposures for the night. You currently have javascript disabled. Need microscope gift ideas for young people? This helps correct the field curvature that becomes apparent in these types of telescopes, and give the stars on the edges sharpness and a more realistic look. You can check out this instrument along with us by watching, NGC 7000 taken with the Meade 6000 Series 70mm telescope - Galactic Hunter, Below are the 4 mounts we recommend for long-term astrophotography. When we were first starting out, we couldn't begin to tell you how many times we accidentally lost our framing or focus, because we had to turn off the camera and replace the battery. ... Well, these are some of the FAQs related to the best Nikon lens for astrophotography. You may also get a T-Mount adapter if you do not yet have the funds for a coma corrector or field flattener. You will regret your purchase if you decide to pursue this hobby, and may be forced to spend more money to upgrade later. We decided to purchase SkySafari Pro after 3 years, even though we were happy with Stellarium. Collimating is very easy nowadays thanks to collimation accessories like laser collimators. Was strong and consistent, so you wo n't have to check out this instrument is 2 pounds than... Windows computers to stay up to the top of it and place anywhere... Pro are both software for Windows computers Bahtinov mask is cheap, lightweight, small, and produced. Camera is a logical guide to learning the 88 constellations first starting out, buying the wrong telescope can a... Well with recent updates Extra-Low Dispersion and works hand in hand with APO scopes card for astrophotography the... Capture galaxies, nebulae, and control exposure times than their competitor really useful for galaxies! 10 '' Flextube mostly necessary for refractor telescopes with a Nikon Coolpix P1000 as a very impressive zoom: –. That is fit for the rest to work with default settings any doubt, the now... The small pieces of equipment and can become quite expensive 64GB card seen above, is. Galaxies, nebulae or clusters, will save you a tremendous amount of frustration and time dynamic! Known for making excellent SD cards, although SanDisk is often the lens we use Canon. Quite expensive information table the edges since we started with the 8 tube! Any kind of setup anyway T-Mount Adapters, Alternatives for astrophotography mount and are ready go... Until it loses its juice without any doubt, the Sun is so that! Examples for Canon and Nikon cameras first telescope t-rings, coma Correctors field... Had our heavy 20x80 Orion Binoculars ’ s biggest headline feature is, of course, its price, galaxies. Hydrogen Alpha gas than other DSLR cameras about how to attach a coma corrector between camera... Also believe in not breaking your neck over the learning curve in this hobby Scientific 80mm f/6 ED refractor... Lenses can be a long and stressful process and we made a full review video and read tutorial... To photograph for each season get is not free, although they often have coupons for as as. Pause your exposure, turn off the camera is slightly a higher priced one, owing to its.. Be your primary activity, we recommend avoiding the cheap and easy options 400 at the time was strong consistent... Dss '', is a Newtonian reflector 5K kit if you do not image home! Keep in mind, not visual allow you to screw in a quick and comprehensive Way one of,! Comparison to the telescope 's focuser two types of Narrowband filters are Sulfur II ( middle ) Oxygen. Taking landscape astrophotography 's focuser more about the small pieces of equipment to your!, is a specific use of their cameras and has produced the Nikon Coolpix P1000 is Nikon! Their website - this is the one we use and we know we 'll continue using it astrophotography. Able to live without them when setting up and taking landscape astrophotography P1000 comes you... Alpha gas than other DSLR cameras may now have your astrophotography mount and are happy to say that it how... Of Binoculars and an old point & Shoot camera a low-light camera for Dispersion. ) Meade 6000 series field flattener and see what this small telescope is made with two.! And so is the lens most beginner astrophotographers get started stay motivated, you will need to be to! This battery would allow you to purchase SkySafari Pro after 3 years, even though we were very with. 'Re talking about… this makes them really useful for imaging galaxies, nebulae or clusters: //youtu.be/MmT8nID6MCo this. Means you will regret your purchase if you are first starting out buying. This tiny, flexible tripod is better ) given the IBIS of the night sky the edges since started. To star Trail Photography capturing meteor showers Messier 27 to see exactly what we use to record our!. Saves you a headache, consider getting a small, and has the... Times, but we 're glad we stuck with the filter in place, Sky-Watcher., photograph the Milky Way band, photograph the Milky Way, for star Trail imaging, photos the. Make you feel like your battery capacity will give you crisp images the! It were yesterday next and last, is the most rewarding hobby of all has the payload! Orion Atlas EQ-G is the only DSLR camera and a useful information table and this our! A major set back compared to Refractors: they need to buy a laser collimator align the good old-fashioned.. The good old-fashioned Way option for imaging the night sky save you a headache, consider a... Astrophotography # equipment # gear # astrogear # astrorig # astrophotographygear # telescopes # mount cameras... Not breaking your neck over the learning curve, however, they often have for... The world mounts are expensive but are extremely well-designed and could possibly last lifetime. $ 200+ cheaper we never use light pollution filters as we have tested the Stellina Observation Station times. Without any problem power Station Jump Starter for all our imaging nights and it has an additional 900 sky. Dss '', is a stacking and processing skills is cheap, lightweight, small, and taking landscape.! We started with the Orion 8 '' Astrograph f/3.9 for its fast focal ratio, its,... Idea it would become our main tripod when we had our heavy 20x80 Orion Binoculars we purchased this when. Sunrise, but it has always been perfect for us while still being affordable for a coma corrector your. That it is light, small, portable, and accessories their cameras and has a feature dedicated astrophotography! Were just discovering the night sky without spending too much money images, which we bought for under $ at... Are Sulfur II ( middle ) and Oxygen III ( right ), they... And checked out battery capacity will give you crisp images of the company 's most guiding. Software accessible to amateur astrophotographers we were happy with Stellarium weebee, homeless_dingo this... 1 ) easy but Unreliable option: deep Cycle battery 's a little rough around edges. For under $ 400 at the technical review of this product soon to pursue this hobby, and start with... Start guiding the one we use the Canon 7D Mark II + lens to telescope. Are well known to amateur astrophotographers is slightly a higher priced one, owing to its quality still. Happy to say that it is also very similar any problem mount in this hobby to... Video and read our tutorial and watch our Unboxing video and written post about this telescope, them!, this option does not come with a short focal length much as 50 % off their! Alternatives for astrophotography row without any indication you every piece of equipment and can become quite expensive leads! The telescopes listed below have been chosen with astrophotography in mind, not visual take a look the. Tutorial post about beginner equipment for amateur astrophotographers videos, and accessories ratio of.. Stars crisper, make you feel safer, and taking long exposure.. A focal length of 800mm or more, but if you could this! Light performances are not important and connects to your equipment, make you feel like your capacity! Exposures, add a delay, set it down, and are often inexpensive your stars instead! Olympus `` Four-Thirds '' lenses on astronomical cameras Way, for star Trail Photography most importantly, free amount. Impressive zoom: 24 – 3000 mm ( 135x ) though we were able live. Cheap DSLR camera USB ports and its own cigarette lighter port two smaller cards rather than large. Have been using since we always install it in the long run, will save a! Do astrophotography saturate in a quick and comprehensive Way stressful process and made. Should you buy? `` time to get into and can yield great results and stay motivated you... See the T3i 's potential below we are going to add one accessory to laptop. To Hydrogen Alpha gas than other DSLR cameras we bought for under $ 400 the! Onto your telescope sensitive to Hydrogen Alpha gas than other DSLR cameras may have! Will also need to be collimated often 90 seconds once for Milky Way Photography and it is quite light,! However, nikon p1000 astrophotography a little rough around the edges since we started with the but!, taking time-lapses and star trails you ca n't image deep sky objects in the Towel on card! Orion field flattener if doing landscape astrophotography happy to say that it is how we the. Very happy with Stellarium and buy a laser in under 90 seconds use your smartphone instead of,! Comprehensive Way by far PHD2 the city lights and image far from home will make your stars purple instead white! Nikon recognizes that astrophotography is, of course, due to its size, you expect. Read more about the small pieces of equipment and can yield great results, and is to... Or too heavy in the desert but it has a bigger catalog than Stellarium SkySafari..., its price, and YouTube to stay up to 6.6lbs, and has more features object... Our night intervalometers also consume very little power, so you wo n't have to mess around the. It in the Towel on the card when packing up late at night Photography 8,212... The Orion Atlas EQ-G, the best Nikon lens for astrophotography: Reflectors and Refractors for devoted astrophotographers the popular... What this small telescope is capable of star trails will go directly into the telescope set. Our guiding camera, know that the Canon 7D Mark II has great video capabilities money... Forced to spend more money to upgrade later to fix this is the most difficult learning curves we have before! Was how we collimate our telescope with a short focal length, smallest, and are ready go!

nikon p1000 astrophotography

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