The Cold War (1945-1991) represented a series of localized conflicts and intense diplomatic rivalries between camps led by the capitalist United States and the Communist Soviet Union. The Cold War years were also the time of the “space race” – when the United States and the Soviet Union competed in space exploration. Americans, however, saw Truman's action as proof that Communists were already living and working among them. Be sure to check out the Cold War Quiz and the info on the "Spy Tour" of Washington, D.C. Report broken link. But, Eisenhower needs to face another issue at hand. However, this accident took me by surprise and left me fearful of driving for a while. This equilibrium places checks and balances on any move towards hegemony, the political domination of one state over another. According to Premier Nikita Khrushchev's memoirs, in May 1962 he conceived the idea of placing intermediate-range nuclear missiles in Cuba as a means of countering an emerging lead of the United States in developing and deploying strategic missiles. Hemera Technologies/Photos.com/Getty Images, Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Explore state by state cost analysis of US colleges in an interactive article. The American people feared the Soviet for two reasons. Television programs were interrupted by tests of the Emergency Broadcast System, reminding viewers that in the event of an actual emergency they would be instructed where to go. It secured buffer states in Eastern Europe after World War II mainly because its armies would not leave the occupied areas. Two of the pioneer science fiction films released in May and June 1950 were Rocket-ship X-M, produced by Robert Lippert and co-produced, written, and directed by Kurt Neumann, and Destination Moon, a Technicolor film produced by George Pal and directed by Irving Pichel that won an Academy Award for its art director, Ernst Fegte. The Cold War was a geopolitical chess match between the United States, the Soviet Union, and both parties’ allies in which the major power players sought to project their respective ideologies across the globe in the wake of colonialism’s collapse following World War Two. The Soviet Union and the United States had fought as allies against Nazi Germany during World War II. Universities, businesses and even churches worked to identify Communists among employees and members. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union—erstwhile allies—soured soon after World War II. There were three elements during the cold war that emerged and lead to the balance of power situation; alliances, territorial (spheres of influence) and military capabilities. The question about whether the Americans or Soviets ignited the Cold War has been debated since the conflict began, and historians still can’t reach a consensus. Ian Jones picks up this theme in his piece on the manner in which British clergy in the Birmingham area presented the Cold War to their congregations ('The Clergy, the Cold War and the Mission of the Local Church: England c.1945-60'). Copied A new president has stepped up to the plate, President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Television and movies focused on wholesome entertainment, unions merged and closed ranks, and social reforms were abandoned. The Cuban Missile Crisis-
“Cold War” soon gained popularity due to famed journalist Walter Lippmann, who explored its meaning as the world quickly chose sides in an ideological fight between capitalism and communism. History.com: Truman Orders Loyalty Checks of Federal Employees, Modern American Poetry: "The Hollywood Blacklist", UPenn.edu: The Legacy of McCarthyism; Ellen Schrecker, Tennessee4Me: Teacher's Edition: Domestic Impacts of The Cold War, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum: The Cold War, U.S. Department of State: Office of The Historian: Milestones: 1945-1952: The Early Cold War, George Washington University: Teaching Eleanor Roosevelt Glossary: Cold War. Tried to drive a wedge between the two. This war was unlike any other because the two countries' armies never directly went to war with each other. They were afraid of each other, so they only fought indirectly. The notion of flight or fight occurs when fear happens, thus driving you to take an action.Although you may be safe, our brain tells us the worst that can happen and thinks of ways to avoid it, causing is to make an action to avoid that particular fear. Many Hollywood entertainers suspected of Communist affiliations were called to testify before the House on Un-American Activities Committee in the late 1940s. Americans were shocked, and many suspected Communist agents already were working within the government. He entered the Oval Office with a clear set of ideas he had developed over a lifetime of study. On February 22, 1946, less than a year after the end of the war, the chargé d’affaires of the U.S. embassy in Moscow, George Kennan sent a famously lengthy telegram—literally referred to as the Long Telegram—to the State Department denouncing the Soviet Union. 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